MANAS and the E. F. Schumacher Society


"MANAS is a journal of independent inquiry, concerned
with the study of the principles that move world society
on its present course, and with the search for contrasting
principles, which may be capable of supporting intelligent
idealism under the conditions of the twentieth century."

— from the MANAS publication statement

When we moved to the Berkshires in 1980, Bob Swann's "subscription" to MANAS, an eight-page weekly journal, followed us.  Subscription is in quotes because I don't ever remember a subscription renewal request.  Bob was just on Henry Geiger's list.  Geiger was the extraordinary writer, editor, and publisher of MANAS for forty-one years from 1948 through 1988, the year before his death at the age of 80.

MANAS was the highlight of the week for me.  I would walk to the mailbox at the foot of the drive and start reading on the way up.  It was like having a private clipping service which spanned the ages of great thinkers and activists.  The same issue would have bits of Plato, Kropotkin, Simone Weil, combined with news of Wes Jackson's work to recreate a perennial agriculture.  MANAS never failed to reorient me to the finest idealism, an idealism that was, after all, at the heart of our work at the E. F. Schumacher Society(now the Schumacher Center for a New Economics).  Though I had never met the author of those many articles in person, the cessation of publication of MANAS still meant the loss of a trusted friend.  MANAS was a singularly steady and wise voice in a rapidly accelerating and uncertain age.

To our delight a new MANAS appeared in the mailbox in 1999—not exactly a new MANAS but a MANAS-sized newsletter announcing the availability of all past issues of the weekly journal on CD-Rom.  The CD was the project of "MANAS Reprints," a devoted group of friends of MANAS who knew Geiger personally. They also knew that Geiger maintained an annotated index of all his articles in card files.  It was a valuable resource that should be preserved.  The Index too was digitalized.

Geiger was already publishing at the time of the McCarthy hearings in the Senate in the early 1950s.  Though not a political journal, the ideas discussed in MANAS may well have been called subversive, for all great ideas have the potential of overthrowing the status quo.  In such a political climate, Geiger kept his mailing list very private, on a single set of metal label plates.

But MANAS readers came to know each other. Martha Shaw, who made the wonderful drawings for the Schumacher Society's letterhead and posters, was a subscriber. Martha so loved her weekly MANAS that she crafted a purse just the right size to hold an issue without folding. On her daily morning bike ride to the neighborhood diner for a coffee and roll she always brought along her purse, the newest MANAS, and several photo-copies of her favorite MANAS essays for giving away. She understood well the spirit of MANAS, which was to encourage the free exchange of ideas.

MANAS was not a business affair for Henry Geiger but an affair of the heart.  The saving and sharing of MANAS with new readers for a new century has also been an affair of the heart. Thanks to the help of the MANAS Reprints team, to David Long and Asa Hardcastle of Zenn New Media, and to Dane Springmeyer of the E. F. Schumacher Society, we are pleased to make available through the Internet the complete library of MANAS articles—a "record of 'intelligent idealism' in the past [that] can be relied upon for guidance, [so that] the courage of good men [and women] is not dampened by evil prospects, but rather increased."

Enjoy, as we have, and share freely with others.

Susan Witt
Schumacher Center for a New Economics
140 Jug End Road, Great Barrington, MA 01230 USA

"Publication of MANAS spans nearly a quarter of a century. This has been a time of great vicissitudes and ominous portents in the affairs of mankind. There have also been some encouraging developments, with the emergence of currents of thought suggestive of new strength and vision for the future—a future still darlky unclear and by no means certain. Yet if the record of 'intelligent idealism' in the past can be relied upon for guidance, the courage of good men is not dampened by evil prospects, but rather increased. MANAS would continue its chronicle of the constructive thought of the times, endeavoring to separate messages of authentic meaning from the 'noise,' and give to them what amplification it can. In the terms of the scope of this undertaking, there is nothing else to do."

—From the "Foreword" to the MANAS READER, published in 1971